Correctness Evaluator

This notebook uses the CorrectnessEvaluator to evaluate the relevance and correctness of a generated answer against a reference answer.

from llama_index.evaluation import CorrectnessEvaluator
from llama_index.llms import OpenAI
from llama_index import ServiceContext
service_context = ServiceContext.from_defaults(llm=OpenAI("gpt-4"))
evaluator = CorrectnessEvaluator(service_context=service_context)
query = (
    "Can you explain the theory of relativity proposed by Albert Einstein in detail?"
)

reference = """
Certainly! Albert Einstein's theory of relativity consists of two main components: special relativity and general relativity. Special relativity, published in 1905, introduced the concept that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers and that the speed of light in a vacuum is a constant, regardless of the motion of the source or observer. It also gave rise to the famous equation E=mc², which relates energy (E) and mass (m).

General relativity, published in 1915, extended these ideas to include the effects of gravity. According to general relativity, gravity is not a force between masses, as described by Newton's theory of gravity, but rather the result of the warping of space and time by mass and energy. Massive objects, such as planets and stars, cause a curvature in spacetime, and smaller objects follow curved paths in response to this curvature. This concept is often illustrated using the analogy of a heavy ball placed on a rubber sheet, causing it to create a depression that other objects (representing smaller masses) naturally move towards.

In essence, general relativity provided a new understanding of gravity, explaining phenomena like the bending of light by gravity (gravitational lensing) and the precession of the orbit of Mercury. It has been confirmed through numerous experiments and observations and has become a fundamental theory in modern physics.
"""

response = """
Certainly! Albert Einstein's theory of relativity consists of two main components: special relativity and general relativity. Special relativity, published in 1905, introduced the concept that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers and that the speed of light in a vacuum is a constant, regardless of the motion of the source or observer. It also gave rise to the famous equation E=mc², which relates energy (E) and mass (m).

However, general relativity, published in 1915, extended these ideas to include the effects of magnetism. According to general relativity, gravity is not a force between masses but rather the result of the warping of space and time by magnetic fields generated by massive objects. Massive objects, such as planets and stars, create magnetic fields that cause a curvature in spacetime, and smaller objects follow curved paths in response to this magnetic curvature. This concept is often illustrated using the analogy of a heavy ball placed on a rubber sheet with magnets underneath, causing it to create a depression that other objects (representing smaller masses) naturally move towards due to magnetic attraction.
"""
result = evaluator.evaluate(
    query=query,
    response=response,
    reference=reference,
)
result.score
2.5
result.feedback
'The generated answer is relevant to the user query as it attempts to explain the theory of relativity proposed by Albert Einstein. However, it contains significant mistakes. The explanation of general relativity is incorrect. General relativity is about the warping of space and time by mass and energy, not magnetic fields. The analogy used in the generated answer is also incorrect as it introduces magnets, which are not part of the original analogy or the theory of general relativity. These errors significantly affect the correctness of the information provided.'